In Greco-Roman times the town of Pafos was the island's capital as well as the birthplace of Aphrodite (Venus to the Romans) - the Goddess of Love and Beauty.

Today, thousands of years later, myth and history weave through every aspect of life on the island, and Pafos features on the official UNESCO list of cultural and natural treasures of the world's heritage.

Sitting alongside Venus Rock lies the beautiful village of Kouklia, one of the most important places of pilgrimage in the ancient world, where visitors can find the magnificent ruins of the Temple of Aphrodite that date back to the 12th Century BC, as well as the remains of the fortification of Palaipafos - the seat of the Kingdom of Pafos, one of the most important ancient kingdoms of Cyprus.

Paul the Apostle visited Pafos in the 1st Century, and Pafos has long been home to the best things in life; 1,600-year old mosaic floors showing scenes from Greek mythology and uncovered in the elite villas of Dionysos, Theseus and Aion, are among the finest in the Eastern Mediterranean.

At the harbour sits the impressive Pafos Castle, built originally as a Byzantine fort. Nearby too are the enchanting vaults and caves of the Tombs of the Kings and the pillar to which Saint Paul was allegedly tied and whipped.

Today history lives on, with the 2,000 year old Curium Amphitheatre near Pafos regularly hosting theatrical productions. While to the north east of Pafos is the Ayios Neophytos Monastery with its extraordinary Enclosure carved by hand out of the mountain, and which is home to some of the finest Byzantine frescoes of the 12th and 15th Centuries.

Scroll UpScroll Down